Coelacanth pin from Pergamon Museum, Berlin

Coelacanth pin from Pergamon Museum, Berlin

This pin comes from the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. It represents the once thought extinct fish, Coelacanth. Coelacanth is a rare order of fish that includes two extant species. They are more closely related to lungfish, reptiles and mammals than to the common ray-finned fishes. They are found along the coastlines of the Indian Ocean and Indonesia. Since there are only two species of coelacanth and both are threatened, it is the most endangered order of animals in the world. The West Indian Ocean coelacanth is a critically endangered species.

Coelacanths were thought to have gone extinct in the Late Cretaceous, but were rediscovered in 1938 off the coast of South Africa. Traditionally, the coelacanth was considered a “living fossil” due to its apparent lack of significant evolution over the past millions of years; and the coelacanth was thought to have evolved into roughly its current form approximately 400 million years ago.

Location: 4-C2

Advertisements