Boar pin from the Pergamon in Berlin

Boar pin from the Pergamon in Berlin

This pin, representing a boar, is from the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. It represents one depicted on a Sasanian wall frieze displayed no in the Pergamon Museum in

Depiction of a boar from a frieze in the Pergamon

Depiction of a boar from a frieze in the Pergamon

Berlin.

Ctesiphon is an ancient city on the Tigris, founded by the Parthians. The city was the capital of the Parthian and the Sasanian empires. The city was built not far from the confluence of Tigris and Diyala and located on the Royal road, connecting Elam’s capital Susa with the Assyrian heartland and—later—the Lydian capital Sardes.

In the fifth century, Ctesiphon became a very important center of Nestorianism, a Christian church that disagrees with the western churches about the nature of Christ. Missionaries from Ctesiphon christianized many people along the Silk road, e.g., at Rhagae and Maracanda, and in Margiana and Aria. In 635, the first Christians reached China.

The Pergamon Museum is probably Berlin’s most famous cultural institution. It contains three major collections which, each in itself, might have been fine museums: a classical department, a department of ancient Near Eastern art, and a department of Islamic art. What they have in common is their connection to the former Ottoman Empire. In each of these departments, you will see splendid works of art.

Location 4-C1

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